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MCQs and SEQs of Lower Limb Anatomy for 1st Year MBBS

MCQs and SEQs of Lower Limb Anatomy for 1st Year MBBS

1st Year MBBS Lower Limb SEQs

Q.1. Write the names of the muscles which extend the knee joint very powerfully and collectively. Give the origin, insertion and nerve supply of this muscle. 1+4

Q.2. Describe briefly the course of sciatic nerve after its exit from the pelvis to its end in the thigh. What is sciatica? 3+2

Q.3.Which important canal is in close relation to subsartorial plexus of nerves. What are the boundaries and contents of this canal? 1+2+2

Q.4. Mention the attachments, nerve supply and actions of the muscle largely responsible for the prominence of buttocks. Which site is safe for the intramuscular injection in this region? 4+1

Lower Limb MCQs

Q.1: Which of the following structures covers the saphenous opening in the fascia lata?

 

(A) lateral intermuscular septum

(B) medial intermuscular septum

(C) crural fascia

(D) cribriform fascia

(E) iliotibial tract

Q.2: Which of the following structures passes through the saphenous opening?

 

(A) femoral artery

(B) femoral vein

(C) femoral nerve

(D) obturator nerve

(E) great saphenous vein

Q.3: All of the following statements concerning the quadriceps femoris are correct EXCEPT

 

(A) Collectively constitutes the largest and most powerful muscle group in the body.

(B) It is the great extensor of the thigh.

(C) It inserts onto the tibia.

(D) It forms the main bulk of the anterior thigh muscles.

(E) The patella provides additional leverage for the quadriceps.

 

Q.4: All of the following statements concerning the femoral sheath are correct EXCEPT

 

(A) It extends 3 to 4 cm inferior to the inguinal ligament.

(B) It is formed by an inferior prolongation of transversalis and iliopsoas fascia.

(C) It encloses the femoral nerve.

(D) Its medial wall is pierced by the great saphenous vein and lymphatic vessels.

(E) It ends by becoming continuous with the adventitia of the femoral vessels.

 

Q.5: Which of the following arteries supplies most of the blood to the head and neck of the femur?

 

(A) medial circumflex femoral

(B) obturator

(C) lateral circumflex femoral

(D) external pudendal

(E) deep circumflex iliac

Q.6: The positive Trendelenburg sign is associated with injuries to which of the following?

 

(A) quadriceps femoris

(B) adductor muscles

(C) abductors of the thigh

(D) hamstring muscles

(E) piriformis muscle

Q.7: The piriformis syndrome involves which of the following nerves?

 

(A) sciatic

(B) obturator

(C) femoral

(D) ilioinguinal

(E) inferior gluteal

Q.8: Which of the following muscles is located in the posterior aspect of the thigh?

 

(A) semitendinosus

(B) gluteus maximus

(C) piriformis

(D) internal obturator

(E) superior gemellus

Q.9: Which of the following statements correctly applies to the iliopsoas muscle?

 

(A) It is a unipennate muscle.

(B) It is the flexor of the thigh.

(C) It is enclosed between two layers of fascia lata.

(D) It inserts into the iliotibial tract.

(E) It is located in the posterior compartment of the thigh.

 

Q.10: All of the following statements concerning the femoral triangle are correct EXCEPT

 

(A) Its superior border is the inguinal ligament.

(B) Its lateral border is the sartorius.

(C) It is bisected by the femoral artery and vein.

(D) The saphenous nerve passes through the femoral triangle.

(E) Its medial border is the adductor Magnus

 

Q.11: All of the following statements concerning the adductor canal are correct EXCEPT

 

(A) It is approximately 15 cm long.

(B) It extends from the apex of the femoral triangle to the adductor hiatus.

(C) It contains the saphenous nerve.

(D) Is is bounded posteriorly by the Sartorius muscle.

(E) It contains the femoral artery and vein.

Q.12: All of the following muscles are lateral rotators of the thigh EXCEPT

(A) quadratus femoris

(B) obturator internus

(C) obturator externus

(D) gluteus medius

(E) inferior gemellus

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