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Complete MCQs of all Systems of Histology 1st Year MBBS

The Important university MCQs of Histology for 1st Year MBBS by Dr.Mudassar Ali Roomi. The MCQs comprises of following topics :

Epithelium, Endo, Male and Female reproductive system, lymphoid tissue, cartilage and bone, CNS, CVS, Connective tissue, Nucleus , Urinary system , GIT

University MCQs of Histology for 1st Year MBBS

Sample MCQs on Epithelium and Endo are given below while complete set of MCQs can be downloaded in PDF at the end of the post.

MCQs on epithelium

Note: Choose the best option:

 Q.1: Epithelium with a “brush border” lines the:

(a) oral cavity

(b) stomach

(c) intestinal absorptive cells

(d) ureter

(e) gall bladder


Q.2: On the border separating epithelial cells from the underlying connective tissue can be found:

(a) Tight junctions

(b) microvilli

(c) zonula adherens

(d) hemidesmosomes

(e) cilia

Q.3: What is also called a low resistance junction?
a. Tight junction
b. Gap junction
c. desmosome
d. Junctional complex
e. hemidesmosome

Q.4: What type of epithelium is associated with goblet cells?
a. Simple squamous epithelium
b. Simple cuboidal epithelium
c. stratified columnar epithelium
d. Stratified squamous epithelium
e. Pseudostratified epithelium

Q.5: What type of tissue lines the urinary bladder?
a. Simple squamous epithelium
b. Simple cuboidal epithelium
c. Simple columnar epithelium
d. Stratified squamous epithelium
e. Transitional epithelium


Note: Choose the best option.


Q.1:  Concerning adrenal parenchymal cells:

  1. Those of the zona fasciculata produce androgens.
  2. Those of the adrenal medulla produce epinephrine and norepinephrine.
  3. Those of the zona glomerulosa produce glucocorticoids.
  4. Those of the cortex contain numerous secretory granules.
  5. Those of the zona reticularis produce serotonin.


Q.2: Characteristics of pinealocytes include which one of the following?

  1. They produce melatonin and serotonin.
  2. They resemble astrocytes.
  3. They contain calcified concretions of unknown function.
  4. They act as postganglionic sympathetic Cells
  5. They secrete vasopressin


Q.3: Prolactin is synthesized and secreted by which of the following cells?

  1. Acidophils in the pars distalis
  2. Basophils in the pars tuberalis
  3. Somatotrophs in the pars distalis
  4. Basophils in the pars intermedia
  5. Basophils in pars distalis

Q.4: Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is produced by which of the following cells?

  1. Chromophobes in the pars distalis
  2. Neurosecretory cells in the median eminence
  3. Basophils in the pars distalis
  4. Neurons of the paraventricular nucleus in the hypothalamus
  5. Supraoptic nucleus of hypothalamus


Q.5: The histological appearance of a thyroid gland being stimulated by thyroid-stimulatinghormone (TSH) would show which of the following?

  1. Decreased numbers of follicular cells
  2. Increased numbers of parafollicular cells
  3. Columnar-shaped follicular cells
  4. An abundance of colloid in the lumen of the follicle
  5. Decreased numbers of parafollicular capillaries


Note: Choose the best option.


Q.1: secondary ovarian follicles:


  1. lack liquor folliculi.
  2. contain a secondary oocyte.
  3. Their continued maturation requires follicle stimulating hormone.
  4. lack a theca externa.
  5. have a single layer of cuboidal follicular cells surrounding the oocyte.


Q.2: Corpus luteum:


  1. produces luteinizing hormone.
  2. produces follicle-stimulating hormone.
  3. derives its granulosa luteal cells from the theca externa.
  4. becomes the corpus albicans.
  5. is derived from atretic follicles.


Q.3: During the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle, the functional layer of the endometrium undergoes which of the following changes?


  1. Blood vessels become ischemic.
  2. The epithelium is renewed.
  3. The stroma swells due to edema.
  4. Glands become coiled.
  5. The epithelium is sloughed off


Q.4: Vaginal mucosa:


  1. is lined by stratified columnar epithelium.
  2. is lined by stratified squamous keratinized epithelium.
  3. possesses no elastic fibers.
  4. is lubricated by glands located in the cervix.
  5. contains cells which secrete lactic acid.


Q.5: Oviduct:


  1. is lined by simple cuboidal epithelium.
  2. Is lined by epithelium which contains peg cells.
  3. functions in nourishing trilaminar germ discs.
  4. allows fertilization most often in its fimbriated portion.
  5. Is lined by epithelium which contains goblet cells.


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