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30 Important SEQ s OF LOWER LIMB ANATOMY (UHS Past papers)

Q.1. Write the names of the muscles which extend the knee joint very powerfully and collectively. Give their origin, insertion and nerve supply of this muscle. (UHS 2003).
Q.2. Describe briefly the course of sciatic nerve after its exit from the pelvis to its end in the thigh. What is sciatica? (UHS 2003).
Q.3.Which important canal is in close relation to subsartorial plexus of nerves and what are the contents of this canal? (UHS 2003).
Q.4. Name the gluteal muscles. Give their actions and nerve supply. (UHS 2004).
Q.5. Describe the arches of foot. Name the factors responsible for the maintenance of these arches. (UHS 2004).
Q.6. How is femoral sheath formed? What are its compartments? Write its significance. 2+1+2 (UHS 2005).
Q.7: a). Define femoral canal, femoral ring, and femoral hernia. 3 (UHS 2006).
b). Why is femoral hernia more common in females? 2
Q.8. Write the origin, course and distribution of saphenous nerve. (UHS 2006).
Q.9: Write the boundaries and the contents of popliteal fossa. 2+3 (UHS 2006).
Q.10. Mention the attachments, nerve supply and actions of the muscle largely responsible for the prominence of buttocks. Which site is safe for the intramuscular injection in this region? (UHS 2007).
Q.11. a). List six structures passing underneath the superior extensor retinaculum at lower region of leg. 2 mark (UHS 2008).
b). describe the anatomy of popliteus muscle. 3
Q.12: draw and label the cutaneous nerve supply of lower limb.5 (UHS 2008).
Q13: how greater and lesser sciatic foramina formed and enlist the structures passing through them? 5
Q.14: a). what is femoral triangle? Give its boundaries and contents. 3
b). briefly describe the anatomy of obturator nerve: 2
Q.15. describe the origin, course, termination and branches of femoral nerve. 5
Q.16. write short notes on:
a). Anterior Compartment of the Leg Syndrome. 3
b). Use of the Great Saphenous Vein in Coronary Bypass Surgery. 2
Q.17: give blood supply of head of femur. Why fracture of the neck of femur endangers the blood supply of head of femur? 3+2
Q.18: what do you know about?
a). Venous Pump of the Lower Limb. 3
b). Varicose Veins 2
Q.19: Describe the arterial anastomosis around knee joint. What is locking and unlocking of knee joint. 3+2
Q.20: Draw and label lumbosaccral plexus of nerves. What is sciatica? 4+1
Q. 21: enumerate the branches of femoral artery. Why femoral artery is important for cardiac surgeons and cardiologists? 3+2
a) Why hip joint is more stable than shoulder joint?
b) Why flexor compartment of lower limb is directed posteriorly?
c) Why varicose veins are more common in prolonged standing working persons?
Q.23: ENLIST the invertors, everters, dorsiflexors and planter flexors of the foot.
Q.24: what is iliotibial tract. How is it formed? Give its significance. 1+2+2
Q.25: a) name structures passing through the saphenous opening.
b). write short note on guyropes.
Q.26: what are hamstring muscles? Give their origin, insertion, nerve supply and action.
Q.27: enlist the ligaments of knee joint. What is the role of menisci in the knee joint? 3+2
Q.28: name the structures present in the bed o sciatic nerve? Name the muscles supplied by tibial nerve. 2+3
Q.29: name the muscles performing various movements at the hip joint. What is Trendelenburg test and what is its significance? 4+1
Q. 30: Describe the superficial inquinal lymph nodes along with the structures drained by them.